With Toronto Police

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Informal Interactions

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In the Community

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About The
Know Your Rights

Racism and racial profiling are pressing and substantial problems that hurt individuals and poison our communities. Left unchecked, they deny the possibility of living in a just society. When the Ontario government banned carding on January 1, 2017, it was a vital step forward in concretely addressing racism and racial profiling in Toronto. Much work remains to be done, including the work of providing people with information about carding and the rights enacted in 2017 when the practice was banned. The purpose of the Know Your Rights Campaign is to educate and inform the public about their rights when interacting with a police officer.


In 2012, the Chief’s Internal Organizational Review examined all aspects of community engagement, leading to the creation of the Police And Community Engagement Review committee. After internal and external consultations, the PACER committee submitted a report with 31 recommendations intended to address bias-free delivery of policing services. Recommendation #4 was the creation of an advisory committee, comprised equally of Service members from all areas of the organization and community members and partner agencies invested in improving relations between police and the city’s Black communities. The PACER committee dedicated hours to ensuring the appropriate and thorough implementation of all 31 recommendations and continues to advise the Service on matters of fair and equitable delivery of policing.

Police Reform and PACER 2.0

In 2020, the Toronto Police Services Board approved 81 recommendations for police reform in a report entitled “Police Reform in Toronto: Systemic Racism, Alternative Community Safety and Crisis Response Models and Building New Confidence in Public Safety.” These recommendations established a roadmap for comprehensive policing reform in Toronto, and include building new community safety response models, various initiatives to address systemic racism and concrete steps to improve trust with our communities.

As a result of the Board’s 81 recommendations, Chief Ramer reconvened the Police and Community Engagement Review (PACER) as PACER 2.0.

Specifically, recommendation #70 reads: “Direct the Chief of Police to develop and execute a multi-faceted "know your rights" campaign before the end of 2020, on the basis of consultation and collaboration with various stakeholders, including representatives from the Board-funded Collective Impact initiative, representatives of Toronto’s Black and Indigenous communities, youth groups, and community-based organizations that serve vulnerable and marginalized populations.”

A Know Your Rights sub-committee of PACER 2.0 was created with the mandate to “inform the community what their legal rights are in their interactions with police.”


The PACER Report

The PACER report contains 31 recommendations intended to address bias-free delivery of policing services.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Regulation 58/16?
Due to the disproportionate stops of Black, Racialized and Indigenous people in Toronto and elsewhere in Ontario the provincial government created Regulation 58/16 – the “street check” regulation. This regulation prohibits the arbitrary collection of identifying information by police, referred to as carding. Arbitrary means based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any legally permissible reason.